How Reading Works
To understand more about who might benefit most from Literacy Links, it is helpful to understand how the brain works. The brain performs four distinct processes when we read.
This is the first step in reading – visual information causes the system to kick in. We see a string of symbols (letters).
The letters (symbols) are identified as a word:their spoken equivalent.
We reference our mental dictionary of words to find the meaning of the word.
We select word meanings appropriate for the text being read.
All four processors work together and compensate for each other’s weaknesses in word recognition. For example, if the sentence read ‘The cat burglar climbed the wall’ the context would indicate that ‘cat’ has nothing to do with a small furry animal. The context processor would feed that information back to the meaning process or to look for a different meaning.